CSNA NeurologistsColorado Springs Neurological Associates, P.C., is a group of neurologists and neurosurgeons formed to bring quality neurological testing, evaluation, interpretation, and treatment to the Colorado Springs area. Please see patient education for associated links.

Please contact our office for a consultation at 719-473-3272.

Neurology Procedures

Blink Reflex studies
Botox injections for chronic migraine, dystonia, spasticity, and sialorrhea
Carpal Tunnel Steroid Injections
Deep Brain Stimulation
Occipital Nerve Blocks
Repetitive Nerve Stimulation Studies
Skin Biopsies
Trigger Point injections
Vagal Nerve Stimulation

ALS/ Lou Gehrig’s disease

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), sometimes called Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a progressive neurodegenerative condition that affects the nerve cells (motor neurons) in the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary movement. ALS most commonly occurs in people between the ages of 40 and 70, but younger and older individuals also can develop the disease.

Alzheimer ’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an irreversible, progressive brain disease that results in a slow decline in memory, and the ability to carry out simple tasks of daily living. In AD, cognitive function declines as brain cells (neurons) malfunction and eventually die. The brains of people with AD contain plaques (made of the protein amyloid beta) and tangles (made of the protein tau) that seem to interfere with the normal functioning of the brain. However, scientists don’t understand the exact role played by these plaques and tangles, which also sometimes appear in the brains of people without dementia.

Bell’s Palsy

Bell's palsy is a form of temporary facial paralysis resulting from damage or trauma to one of the facial nerves.  It is the most common cause of facial paralysis. Generally, Bell's palsy affects only one of the paired facial nerves and one side of the face, however, in rare cases, it can affect both sides.  Symptoms of Bell's palsy usually begin suddenly and reach their peak within 48 hours.  Symptoms vary from person to person and can range in severity from mild weakness to total paralysis.

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful condition caused by compression of a key nerve in the wrist.   It occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist.  Symptoms usually start gradually, with  pain, weakness, or numbness in the hand and wrist, radiating up the arm.  As symptoms worsen, people might feel tingling during the day, and decreased grip strength may make it difficult to form a fist, grasp small objects, or perform other manual tasks.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders caused by either injuries or abnormalities in the brain that can impair movement, learning, hearing, seeing, and thinking. Many of the effects occur while a baby is still in the mother’s womb. However, they can continue to occur within the first 2 years of life while the brain is still developing. Cerebral palsy is usually diagnosed by 3 years of age. About 2 to 3 children in 1,000 are affected. About 800,000 children and adults of all ages in the United States have cerebral palsy.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders, affecting approximately 1 in 2,500 people in the United States.  CMT, also known as hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) or peroneal muscular atrophy, comprises a group of disorders caused by mutations in genes that affect the normal function of the peripheral nerves.  The peripheral nerves lie outside the brain and spinal cord and supply the muscles and sensory organs in the limbs.

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is among the most common reasons for seeking medical attention and is reported by 20 to 50 percent of patients seen in primary care. A number of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies are available for patients with chronic pain.


A coma, sometimes also called persistent vegetative state, is a profound or deep state of unconsciousness. Persistent vegetative state is not brain-death. An individual in a state of coma is alive but unable to move or respond to his or her environment. Coma may occur as a complication of an underlying illness, or as a result of injuries, such as head trauma. . Individuals in such a state have lost their thinking abilities and awareness of their surroundings, but retain non-cognitive function and normal sleep patterns. Even though those in a persistent vegetative state lose their higher brain functions, other key functions such as breathing and circulation remain relatively intact.


Dementia isn't a specific disease. Instead, dementia describes a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking and social abilities severely enough to interfere with daily functioning. Though dementia generally involves memory loss, memory loss has different causes. So memory loss alone doesn't mean you have dementia. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of a progressive dementia in older adults, but there are a number of causes of dementia. Depending on the cause, some dementia symptoms can be reversed.


Dizziness is a term used to describe a range of sensations, such as feeling faint, woozy, weak or unsteady. Dizziness that creates the false sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving is called vertigo.


Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. Viral infections are the most common cause of the condition. Encephalitis can cause flu-like symptoms, such as a fever or severe headache. It can also cause confused thinking, seizures, or problems with senses or movement. However, many cases of encephalitis result in only mild flu-like symptoms or even no symptoms.


Epilepsy is a neurological condition that causes spontaneous, repeated seizures. Seizures occur when there are abnormal electrical impulses in the brain. A single seizure does not necessarily mean that a person will develop epilepsy. There are more than 30 different types of epileptic seizures. The type of seizure a person experiences depends on where the seizure begins in the brain. A partial seizure occurs when there are abnormal electrical impulses in only one area of the brain. General epileptic seizures occur when electrical impulses “storm” or spread through the brain.

Facial Twitching

Most often facial twitching is a benign condition; however in some cases facial twitching may be secondary to a condition such as hemifacial spasm or blepharospasm and can be treatable.

Guillian-Barre syndrome

Guillain-Barré syndrome is a disorder in which the body's immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The first symptoms of this disorder include varying degrees of weakness or tingling sensations in the legs. In many instances, the weakness and abnormal sensations spread to the arms and upper body. These symptoms can increase in intensity until the muscles cannot be used at all and the person is almost totally paralyzed. In these cases, the disorder is life-threatening and is considered a medical emergency. The individual is often put on a ventilator to assist with breathing. Most individuals, however, have good recovery from even the most severe cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), although some continue to have some degree of weakness. Guillain-Barré syndrome is rare.

Huntington’s disease

Huntington's disease (HD) results from genetically programmed degeneration of brain cells, called neurons, in certain areas of the brain. This degeneration causes uncontrolled movements, loss of intellectual faculties, and emotional disturbance. HD is a familial disease, passed from parent to child through a mutation in the normal gene.


Hydrocephalus is a condition in which the primary characteristic is excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) -- the clear fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. This excessive accumulation results in an abnormal dilation of the spaces in the brain called ventricles. This dilation causes potentially harmful pressure on the tissues of the brain. Hydrocephalus may be congenital or acquired. Congenital hydrocephalus is present at birth and may be caused by genetic abnormalities or developmental disorders such as spina bifida and encephalocele.  Acquired hydrocephalus develops at the time of birth or at some point afterward and can affect individuals of all ages.


Meningitis is inflammatory disease of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord and are caused by bacterial or viral infections. Viral meningitis is sometimes called aseptic meningitis to indicate it is not the result of bacterial infection and cannot be treated with antibiotics.


Migraine is a common type of headache that may occur with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light. In many people, a throbbing pain is felt only on one side of the head. Some people who get migraines have warning symptoms, called an aura, before the actual headache begins. An aura may include flashing lights, zigzag lines, or a temporary loss of vision. People with migraine tend to have recurring attacks triggered by a number of different factors, such as stress, hormonal changes, bright or flashing lights, lack of sleep, and certain foods.

Movement Disorders

The term "movement disorders" refers to a group of nervous system (neurological) conditions that cause you to have abnormal voluntary or involuntary movements, or slow, reduced movements. Treatments are varied, but an accurate diagnosis is the 1st step.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that affects the central nervous system, which is made up of the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. MS damages the material that surrounds and protects nerve cells, called the myelin sheath. This damage slows down or blocks messages between the brain and the body. MS is classified into four types, characterized by the progression of the disease.

Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease characterized by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal (voluntary) muscles of the body. Symptoms vary in type and intensity.  The hallmark of myasthenia gravis is muscle weakness that increases during periods of activity and improves after periods of rest. Muscles that control eye and eyelid movements, facial expression, chewing, talking, and swallowing are often, but not always, involved. The muscles that control breathing and neck and limb movements may also be affected.


The myopathies are neuromuscular disorders in which the primary symptom is muscle weakness due to dysfunction of muscle fiber. Other symptoms of myopathy can include muscle cramps, stiffness, and spasm. Myopathies can be inherited (such as the muscular dystrophies) or acquired (such as common muscle cramps).


The neurofibromatoses are genetic disorders that cause tumors to grow in the nervous system.  The tumors begin in the supporting cells that make up the nerves and the myelin sheath--the thin membrane that envelops and protects the nerves.  These disorders cause tumors to grow on nerves and produce other abnormalities such as skin changes and bone deformities. Although many affected persons inherit the disorder, between 30 and 50 percent of new cases arise spontaneously through mutation (change) in an individual's genes. Once this change has taken place, the mutant gene can be passed on to succeeding generations.


An abnormal and usually degenerative state of the nervous system or nerves.

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive, chronic neurological condition that affects a person’s movement, ability to walk and/or balance. Parkinson’s disease causes a gradual deterioration of a small area of cells in the midbrain known as the substantia nigra. The deterioration of these cells causes a decrease in dopamine, a neurotransmitter used by your nerves to send signals from your brain to the rest of your body. The physical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are caused by this decrease in dopamine.


Seizures are classified into epileptic and non-epileptic. Epileptic seizures are the result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain and can be due to multiple causes. Non-epileptic events are most often due to psychological/emotional stressors. Again, an accurate diagnosis and evaluation are essential.

Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are changes in sleeping patterns or habits. Signs and symptoms of sleep disorders include excessive daytime sleepiness, irregular breathing or increased movement during sleep, difficulty sleeping, and abnormal sleep behaviors.

Spinal Cord Injury

A spinal cord injury usually begins with a sudden, traumatic blow to the spine that fractures or dislocates vertebrae. The damage begins at the moment of injury when displaced bone fragments, disc material, or ligaments bruise or tear into spinal cord tissue. Most injuries to the spinal cord don't completely sever it. Instead, an injury is more likely to cause fractures and compression of the vertebrae, which then crush and destroy axons -- extensions of nerve cells that carry signals up and down the spinal cord between the brain and the rest of the body. An injury to the spinal cord can damage a few, many, or almost all of these axons. Some injuries will allow almost complete recovery. Others will result in complete paralysis.


A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is suddenly interrupted or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding brain cells. Brain cells die when they no longer receive oxygen and nutrients from the blood or there is sudden bleeding into or around the brain.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a form of acquired brain injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. 


Tremor is an unintentional, rhythmic, muscle movement involving to-and-fro movements of one or more parts of the body. Most tremors occur in the hands, although they can also affect the arms, head, face, voice, trunk, and legs. Sometimes tremor is a symptom of another neurological disorder or a side effect of certain drugs, but the most common form occurs in otherwise healthy people. Some forms of tremor are inherited and run in families, while others have no known cause.

Tumors (in the nervous system)

A tumor that is metastatic to the nervous system is a tumor that originated in another part of the body and then migrated to the brain, spinal cord, or a peripheral nerve. Breast, bone, and skin cancers are examples of tumors that commonly metastasize to the nervous system.


Vertigo is just one form of dizziness and is usually described as the sensation of movement, especially spinning sensations.  When dizziness is described this way we refer to it as vertigo.